LCA Consulting offers high-quality expert services in the environmental sector to companies and waste management. In our services we utilize our extensive environmental and waste management expertise customer-oriented.


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Life cycle assessment


Life cycle assessment (LCA) provides information about the environmental impacts of products, services and systems during their life cycle. Information can be used in versatile purposes: to support the research and development work of companies as well as in communication and marketing. We also calculate information for environmental product declarations (EPDs) which are used to communicate about the environmental impacts of products.

Further information about our life cycle services can be found below.

Life cycle assessment

Life cycle assessment


How to evaluate the environmental impacts of products or systems reliably and transparently?

Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a systematic and widely-used method to evaluate the environmental impacts of products, systems and services. Environmental impacts are typically evaluated throughout the entire life cycle – from cradle to grave – to identify most significant life cycle phases from the standpoint of environmental impacts. LCA enables excellent possibilities to improve the environmental performance of your products.

Different environmental impacts can be evaluated with LCA, such as climate change, acidification, eutrophication, water footprint and depletion of natural resources. LCA is based on international standards (ISO 14040 and 14044).

Various use purposes

LCA studies can be used in various purposes, such as in R&D (e.g. product development), communication and marketing. The intended use purpose of an LCA study defines the extent and content for a study. We always consider the information needs of our customers and define each study case-by-case.

Our team has in total appr. 50 years of experience of conducting LCA studies. By conducting LCA studies for various industrial sectors, our team has gained knowledge about e.g. manufacturing industry and development of novel technologies. We have conducted LCA studies for both internal use purposes (e.g. R&D) and public stakeholder communication.

Please contact our experts to discuss more about you needs!

Are you interested in life cycle assessment?

Life cycle assessment

Environmental product declarations


Do you know the environmental performance of your products?

An EPD is a standardised document meant to be used in both B2B and B2C communication. EPD describes transparently and comprehensively the environmental impacts of your product. EPDs are verified by third party and can thus be compared to EPDs of other product if same product category rules have been applied.

EPDs are widely used in construction industry but increasingly also in other industrial sectors. The comparability of EPDs is clearly one of EPDs strengths. EPD provides credible and verified data about the environmental performance of your product.

EPDs are always based on life cycle assessment which is our core competency. Our goal in EPD projects is to increase the understanding and knowledge of our customers by comprehensively describing the results and factors affecting the results. We provide in-depth and comprehensive information about the environmental performance of your product in addition to the EDP documents.

We always follow appropriate product category rules to comply with EPD guidelines not forgetting customer-driven mindset with customer communication. By keeping customers’ information needs in focus, we ensure the quality of our projects.

Are you interested in EPDs? We are happy to help.

Are you interested in environmental product declarations?

Life cycle assessment

Product environmental footprint


Product environmental footprint (PEF) is an LCA study which has been conducted according to specific product category rules (PEFCR). PER is developed by the European Commission. It is meant to provide comparable information about the environmental impacts of products throughout their life cycle. PEF studies can be carried out for products for which category rules have been developed.

Would a PEF study be suitable for your product?

We follow the guidelines and recommendations of the PEF framework. In addition, the guidelines of LCA (ISO 14040 and 14044) are always followed in our studies. Our experts have followed the development of PEF framework from start in order to understand the methodology behind PEF framework. This also deepens our understanding in LCA studies which partly follow the guidelines of PEF studies.

Do you have any questions? We are happy to help.

Are you interested in product environmental footprint?

Life cycle assessment

Critical review


Quality assurance for a life cycle assessment or carbon footprint study

Critical review ensures that an LCA or a carbon footprint study has been carried out transparently and consistently, and the guidelines and recommendations of standards are followed. This allows an objective evaluation of environmental impacts and provides reliable statement e.g. for communication.

Critical review provides quality assurance for an LCA or CF study. It ensures that the study has been carried out according to guidelines and standards, and that the methods and choices are scientifically and technically valid. The findings and results of critical reviews are compiled in a separate report and critical review statement.

We critically review LCA and CF studies according to international standards (ISO 14044 and ISO/TS 14071). We conduct both external and internal critical review, depending on the practitioner of the study. In case of internal critical reviews, we make sure that the reviewer has not been involved with the study in other respects.

The details and practicalities of critical review are always defined case-by-case depending on the information needs of customers and intended use purpose of the study. We are happy to tell more about the possibilities of critical review.

Please contact our expert to talk more about your information needs!

Are you interested in critical review?

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