Life Cycle Assessment
LCA Consulting performs challenging life cycle modelling of products, production facilities and for example waste management and energy systems. Life cycle modelling brings possibilities for cost savings and areas for improvement. In addition, it brings fuller conception and deeper awareness of actions and their influence to the environment in different stages of process and life cycle.
Product and Manufacturing Life Cycle Assessment
Life cycle assessment (LCA) offers a general view on one or several environmental impacts in the different stages or processes of a life cycle of a product, manufacturing process or system. Life cycle assessment enables the comparison of the future operating options beforehand and it can be used to map out optimizing possibilities of a manufacturing process or a system from a chosen point of view.
Life cycle assessment produces results that can be used internally to develop a company’s operations such as the manufacturing process. Life cycle assessment deepens the knowledge of the company’s operations and the environmental impacts of those operations. At the same time improvement targets are found, which can be addressed by adding resource-efficiency or investing more environmentally efficiently, costs are saved and the environmental load diminishes. The results of life cycle assessment can also be used in external communication by using environmental declarations or logos that improve the company’s image as a responsible operative.
LCA Consulting performs life cycle assessments using the GaBi life cycle modeling software of which we have over fifteen years of experience. We follow the life cycle assessment standards ISO 14040 and ISO 14044 in addition to other standards and guidelines as necessary. Therefore reliable results on the life cycle environmental impacts are achieved.
Life cycle assessment is used to calculate the carbon footprint, nutrient cycle or other environmental impacts. Life cycle cost analysis is also possible to include in the LCA reports.
LCA Consulting offers carbon footprint calculation to determine climate warming potential of customer’s product, service or a system during their life cycle. Carbon footprint is calculated reliably by using life cycle modelling software GaBi. Calculation can be done applying international standard ISO/TS 14067, Greenhouse Gas Protocol standard or other appropriate guidelines.
Communication about carbon footprint can improve the images of both the company and the product or service in question. Calculation of carbon footprint offers a possibility to guide consumers for example in sustainable actions in utilization of product. Besides external communication, the results of carbon footprint calculation can be used in optimizing the customer’s own actions or manufacturing. The most efficient measures in cost savings are determined when cost analysis is added to the modelling.
Water footprint assessment provides detailed information on water consumption and potential environmental effects caused by manufacturing or operations. The results help to discover those stages of the process where it is possible to decrease the water consumption and to save water from the environmental point of view. Economical effects are calculated if the life cycle cost analysis is made at the same time. Water footprint calculation is performed applying the international standard ISO/TS 14046.
Environmental Impacts Assessment
The assessment of environmental impacts is made to discover the environmental effects caused by a product, service or system. Such impacts include for example acidification, eutrophication, ecotoxicity, global warming potential, the ozone formation in the lower atmosphere, and the use of resources or other aspects of impact. The results of assessment can be utilized for example in the planning of new products, services and system processes or to reduce emissions or to develop the use of resources to improve the current situation.
The assessment of the environmental impacts provides information on the environmental effects of a product, service or system in a summarized form to support decision making, development or communications. The assessment can concentrate on individual categories of environmental impact or focus more broadly on the effects of several environmental factors. The report can be made, depending on the use, for an individual segment or focusing on the overall perspective.
Life Cycle Cost Analysis
Life cycle cost (LCC) analysis investigates which alternative existing or possibly planned manufacturing method or plant would be the most economical to utilize in production or which current unit processes create unnecessary energy and material costs.
Life cycle cost can be calculated for a product, individual process, production lines or manufacturing units such as factories. Life cycle cost calculation can also be a part of broader comparative cost analysis between different options and it can be made at the same time with the carbon footprint calculation or the assessment of other environmental impacts.
Critical review offers a client the final quality assurance for the LCA report they have commissioned. When an independent third party expert or a team of experts confirms that the LCA report is made in accordance with the standards (ISO 14040 and ISO 14044) and is transparent, consistent and the used methods are applicable, the client receives valuable feedback and improvement suggestions and finally the critical review report.
We perform the critical review using international standards ISO 14044 and ISO/TS 14701. Other details of the critical review are always made to fit the client’s needs. We perform critical reviews for the client’s own LCA reports and the ones commissioned from us. In the case of critical reviews performed on the LCA reports made by us, we always assure the independence of the auditor.